Their form had become stultified until, in the s, Edward L. Dictionaries dealing with special areas of vocabulary are so overwhelming in number that they can merely be alluded to here. Each type must be treated in a suitable way.
When friends told him that Englishmen would not understand them, he compiled a list of them, explained by a simpler synonym, and put it at the end of the book. Knott, A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English, published in and never revised but still valuable for its record of the practices of its time.
Worcester has unquestionably come off victorious. A parade float prepared by the G. But the third source is most remarkable. This collecting culminated in the splendid English Dialect Dictionary of Joseph Wright in six volumes — The English languageas it has spread widely over the world, has come to consist of a group of coordinate branches, each expressing the needs of its speakers in communication; further scholarly dictionaries are needed to record the particular characteristics of and influences on each branch.
Well-entrenched popular attitudes account for this.
With the rise of a soundly based philology by the middle of the 19th century, a scientific etymological dictionary could be compiled, and this was provided in by Walter William Skeat. Thus, the phrase illustrative quotation is something of a misnomer, for the quotations are more than illustrative; they form the basic evidence from which conclusions are drawn.
Certain words commonly called obscene have been omitted, and, thus, irrational taboos have been strengthened. American dictionaries usually label the distinctive British spellings, such as centre and its class, honour and its class, connexion, gaol, kerb, tyre, waggon, and a few others.
A second edition of the OED was published in 20 volumes inan Etana essay competition integration of the original volume set and the 4-volume set into one sequence.
Three supplementary volumes were published in print in andand an online version was launched in Each area of lexical study, such as etymology, pronunciation, and usage, can have a dictionary of its own.
After a year period of collecting, publication began in under the title A Dictionary of American English on Historical Principlesand the 20 parts four volumes were completed in The Merriam-Webster Collegiate series was subsequently extended to 8th9th10thand 11th editions.
Valuable in its particular restricted area is J. The American Heritage was designed to take advantage of the reaction against the Merriam-Webster Third.
In English, the earliest was a glossary of law terms published in by John Rastell. In origin, they developed from the lists of errors that were popular in the 18th century.
The first rhyming dictionary, by Peter Levens, was produced in —Manipulus Vocabulorum. The mainstream of English lexicography is the word list explained in English.
Because Latin was a much-used language of great prestige well into modern times, its monumental dictionaries were important and later influenced English lexicography.
The irregular inflections must be given, showing that one says goose, geese, but not moose, meese. The word blizzard, for instance, is no doubt an Americanism in origin, but since the s it has been so well known over the English-speaking world that a national label would be misleading.
Probably the most scholarly dictionary in the world is the Thesaurus Linguae Latinaeedited in Germany and Austria.
The OED is exceptional in listing the early variant spellings, showing that a common word like good has been spelled in more than a dozen different ways, with many more from Scottish usage.网易云音乐是一款专注于发现与分享的音乐产品，依托专业音乐人、dj、好友推荐及社交功能，为用户打造全新的音乐生活。.
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- DREAM - I was in a small house, talking on the telephone, trying to find my cousin who knew about my Grandmother's knee scar. Dictionary: Dictionary, reference book that lists words in order—usually, for Western languages, alphabetical—and gives their meanings.
In addition to its basic function of defining words, a dictionary may provide information about their pronunciation, grammatical forms. Dictionary - Kinds of dictionaries: Although one may speak of a “general-purpose” dictionary, it must be realized that every dictionary is compiled with a particular set of users in mind.
In turn, the public has come to expect certain conventional features (see below Features and problems), and a publisher departs from the conventions at his peril.Download