As money flowed, the creation of banks became more apparent, and with this began the loans to create more and more industries.
Below is a list of the pre-conditions that existed in England, which made industrialisation possible. Production expanded, leading by the end of the 18th century to a first wave of consumerism as rural wage earners began to purchase new kinds of commercially produced clothing, while urban middle-class families began to indulge in new tastes, such as uplifting books and educational toys for children.
This helped to reduce the death rate amongst workers. One of the most immediate social results of industrialisation was rapid urbanisation. More essays like this: Study it to understand the major challenges, trends, and successes of the world today—high-tech innovations, increased global wealth, social injustices, global migration patterns, and environmental degradation.
Citizens of Europe had more money to spend and save, and could use that money to go on vacations and visit family that lived far away. World War I began in These events have been called the Crisis of the Late Middle Ages. James Hargreaves saw the need for a faster machine and invented one which enabled an operator to work with eight and later 30 threads all at once.
Revolution and the growth of industrial society, — Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events. As a result, illnesses such as tuberculosis, smallpox and cholera broke out, which caused many deaths. New political ideas were also spread with ease throughout Europe, and the development of new and differing political parties soon became apparent in European society.
These threads were then given to the weavers who wove the threads into cloth.
Because England is an island, she did not become involved in the many wars on the continent. Trade flourished in Italy albeit not united, but rather ruled by different princes in different city-statesparticularly by the 13th Century. Other English-speaking countries[ edit ] Chartist meeting on Kennington Common 10 April In Britain, the middle classes had been pacified by general enfranchisement in the Reform Act ; the consequent agitations, violence, and petitions of the Chartist movement came to a head with their peaceful petition to Parliament of Ball games brought sons and fathers together, while family day trips to the beach increased social bonding.
As in eastern Prussia, the temptation was to impose new obligations on peasant serfs labouring on large estates, increasing the work requirements in order to meet export possibilities without fundamental technical change and without challenging the hold of the landlord class.
Was life better for children? Yet he did not believe in the exploitation of men, women and children.
France, poorer in coal, concentrated somewhat more on increasing production in craft sectors, converting furniture making, for example, from an artistic endeavour to standardized output in advance of outright factory forms.
Southern and eastern Europe, while importing a few model factories and setting up some local rail lines, generally operated in a different economic orbit. Over the course of the centuries of this period towns grew in size and number, first in a core in England, Flanders, France, Germany and northern Italy.
Her efficient transportation system and excellent fleet made it possible to deliver her goods to almost any market in the world.The introduction of the Swiss Federal Constitution in was a revolution of sorts, laying the foundation of Swiss society as it is today.
In the Netherlands, no major unrests appeared because the king, William II, decided to alter the Dutch constitution to reform elections Location: Western and Central Europe.
The Industrial Revolution provided the countries that first adopted it with the technological and economic advantages necessary to eventually rule most of the world.
In short, the Industrial Revolution is the “game changer” of modern world history. An Economic History of Europe This concise and accessible introduction to European economic history focusses on the interplay between the development of institutions and the generation and diffu.
The Industrial Revolution Economic effects. Undergirding the development of modern Europe between the s and was an unprecedented economic transformation that embraced the first stages of the great Industrial Revolution and a still more general expansion of commercial activity.
Introduction Towards the closing years of 18th century Europe was shaken by the French revolution—considered by many historians as the most important landmark in human history. The French Revolution was an uprising of the French people against privilege and autocracy.
An Economic History of Europe: Knowledge, Institutions and Growth, to the Present (New Approaches to Economic and Social History) 2nd Edition/5(2).Download